State Council of Science Technology & Environment, Meghalaya
SUCCESS STORIES ON SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY IN MEGHALAYA
INTRODUCTION OF APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMME (IATP)
This is another important programme of the Council where livelihood, empowerment, capacity building emphasis is also being focused on the rural sector, through the intervention of science & technology. A number of appropriate technologies is introduced which could be applied in their day-to-day activities for achieving better living conditions. Implementation of the above programme is through different schemes/ projects targeting people at the grass-root level.
As had been documented, it has been observed that most observed that most of the technologies thus applied have proved t o be successful, which may be given hereunder:
Improved Chulha Project: A number of Training Programmes were conducted in different villages, the outcome of the Technology Training Camps (TTC’s) thus conducted proved as a success it may be cited as an example in Lyndem, Village, Pynursla, E. K Hills, the whole village having a household of 120 nos., 50% of the villagers had constructed these Improved Chulha in their respective houses, after which asked, the villages stated that they have benefited a lot since it is more hygienic and consume less fire wood while cooking also it may be mentioned that technical support where also provided to Soil & Water Conservation Department, where Improved Chulha units were provided to 76 households under Cherrapunjee Ecological Project, also a number of Community Improved Chulha were installed for Community use in residential schools and colleges, training centres, shelter homes and village durbars, with the village adoption mechanism being implemented in the State, improved Chulhas are also being implemented in those adopted villages, where units were installed and replicated by villagers e.g in Garo Hills Region.
Rain Water Harvesting Project: Rain Water Harvesting technology is one successful technology with proper modification devised by the council such as Poly-Earth Tanks for storing of surplus water and a Filter Casing using locally available materials as filtering media, a lot of training programmes were conducted at different villages in rural areas and also in urban areas, the result of the trainings were a great benefit for the villagers especially in water scarcity areas, being low-cost, villagers who were trained were able to construct their own Rain Water Harvesting Units in their respective households. Rain Water Harvesting technology was also adopted by Educational Institutes/Organisations where technical support was provided one such e.g. is Umsawli Village where 25 Households were benefited, also it may be mentioned that 8 Villages in Jaintia Hills Districts who were facing acute water problem were trained on Rain Water Harvesting technology. Under the Water Mission Project sponsored by the State Government. Rain Water Harvesting Units of larger capacity were installed in 2 schools, 2 training centres and 5 colleges in the State. Other community units were also installed in different educational institutes, govt. organizations and local durbars for the benefit of the communities in particular and the society in general.
Low-Cost Housing Technology: This is another technology which had been really benefited especially the rural poor people, Stabilised Mud Block (SMB) technology is being implemented in this regard. Training/Demonstration Camps were conducted, every now and then especially in the different villages, out of these trainings conducted. Villagers of Lyndem, E. K. Hills, Thangbnai Village, E. K. Hills, Nongkasen Village, W. K. Hillls, Lummyrsiang Village, W. K. Hillls, Markasa Village, W. K. Hillls, Mylliem, E. K. Hillls, Umroi, Ri-Bhoi District, Mihmyntdu, Jaintia Hills District also villages in E. Garo Hills District were able to construct their own housing units using the above technology. The SMB technology may also be witnessed in urban areas like Mawlai Kynton Massar, Nongthymmai, Laitkor and Mawroh were individuals were given the technical support for errecting housing units using Stabilised Mud Blocks. The above technology was also improved with the introduction of the Interlocking SMB machine, which is much better in every aspect.
Demonstration units using SMB were also installed by the Council at Mawiongrim, E. K. Hills, Shillong Science Centre’s canteen, Council’s Guest house at Shillong Science Centre’s premises, and also the Science Halls at the District Headquarters, it may also mentioned that the SMB technology has also been included under the Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) programme of the Central Govt.
C-Brick technology could also be termed as successful especially in those areas where SMB could not be made due to unsuitability of the soil condition, people in Mawsynram and Sohra areas have benefited from the above technology, Rama Krishna Mission, a charitable Trust has been using C-bricks for making their school buildings under its Educational Programme.
Solar LED Home Lighting Technology: The technology is recently being introduced as one of the Appropriate Rural Technologies, which had a great impact especially in those areas where electricity is not accessible. It has been observed and identified by the Council off late, that there are villages having households ranging from 20-80 households which till date are still deprived of power supply, under the “Light-up a Village” project, the Council has made an intervention in these villages especially those lying in remote areas, to name few these villages are Saron, Jaintia Hills, Thuruk, Jaintia Hills, Kulpui, Jaintia Hills, Sakhri, Jaintia Hills, Lummaicham, Jaintia Hills, Mawkynring, E. K Hills, Thangbnai, E. K Hills, Mawblang Maweit, W. K Hills, Villagers have expressed their joy & happiness and even proclaimed that the “ Solar lamps have turned our nights into days”. Similar intervention was also done in far flung villages of Garo Hills & E. K Hills of which villagers were amazed to see that their whole village is glittering with LED light for the first time since gaining Independence.
The technology has proved a success not only in rural areas but also in urban areas where numbers of the public are seen approaching the Council for the Solar LED lighting. Approaches are also received form Health Institutes, Social Institutes, Churches Communities, Educational Institutes, etc. for installing these Solar LED units, as expressed by one Doctor of a Health Centre of one village that he can easily perform duties at night time ( since electricity is very disturbing) since the installation of the units at the Centre.
Terafil Technology: The technology is to ensure safe drinking water by using terafil (terracotta) as a medium for filtration & treatment of water, being affordable by poor people, the technology has attracted rural masses, who by Awareness/ Demonstration/ Training programmes conducted, have felt the need for a safe drinking water to do-away with physical, chemical and biological impurities, the Council has implemented a “Safe drinking Water project”: to reach out to villages who do not have clean drinking water facilities for their daily needs, far flung villages in East Khasi Hill, West Khasi Hills, Jaintia Hills, Ri-Bhoi District & Garo Hills have greatly benefited from the above technology.
Community water filtration units of large capacity have also been installed mostly in different schools in the city and in the village areas so as to let the students avail safe drinking water.
Low-Cost Sanitation: This is the most conducted training with very encouraging results especially in the rural areas who do not have sanitation facilities with regard to the above twin-pit technology is being propagated which has benefited about 200 villages in the State, the outcome of the trainings thus conducted has had an impact since the rural people can make their own sanitation units in their own villages at an affordable cost. Community sanitation units or Ever-Clean Sanitation were also installed by the Council for community use in Educational Institutes, Govt. Organisations, Training Centres, etc. as well as for village communities.
Income-Generation Activities: Under this programme S&T Oriented Entrepreneurship Development Programmes are being conducted from time to time in Income-Generated activities like Low-Cost Oven, Waste Paper Re-Cycling, Leaf Plate Making, Organic Composting, Charcoal making & Briquetting and Biomass Drier which have proved to be successful as some of the trainees were able to set up their own units for commercialization of the products, the entrepreneurs mostly are from the rural areas, the Programme has also greatly benefited unemployed youths of the State.
The State Council of Science Technology & Environment (SCSTE), Meghalaya has so far been organizing and coordinating various programmes and schemes successfully in the State. The Council has had the opportunity of having a wide network of Govt. Deptts., Educational & Social Institutes, Non - Governmental Organisations, Local durbars, SHG’s etc., which help coordinating the activities at the local-level.
POPULARISATION OF SCIENCE PROGRAMME (PSP)
The objective is to inculcate a scientific temper amongst the masses and to ultimately generate scientific-minded citizen in the State, it may be mentioned that achievement has been made in the following Programmes :
Science Awareness Camps (SAC’s) : The Science Awareness Camps were being organized at the village-level have had a great impact with the interaction and keen participation of school-going and non-school going children , as it gives them the opportunity to open-up their minds and become aware of the environment surrounding them which in turn develop a scientific thinking in them. Local durbars, NGO’s & Educational Institutes were approaching the Council from time to time for organizing these camps at their respective villages.
Science & Environmental Fairs: The fairs were conducted at the Block, District and State levels, considering the fact that Science & Technology development and environmental consciousness go hand-in-hand. The Fairs were being organized with the objective to generate an environmental consciousness amongst school children. The Programme has proved to be a success and encouraging responses have been received from schools in different parts of the State, where an opportunity is given to school children to interact with each other on issues relating to application of science and conservation of environment.
National Children Science Congress: This is a nation-wide programme implemented in the State with the objective to inculcate a scientific temper amongst children through practicing the method of science like observation, data collection, experimentation, analysis. Since the year of its initiation, children from the State were always selected to take part in the National-level which proves that the programme has had a great impact, also certain important issues/problems affecting the society have been identified by the children where such issues were being taken up for necessary intervention of science & technology.
Science Exposure Trips: These are exposure trips/visits conducted to reputed Science/Technology Institutes located in the country, selected schools form the blocks were taken for these trips, school children being exposed to such institutes are accessed to different developments/ explorations related to Science & Technology, where young children can improve their thinking power, and are more knowledgeable of what is happening in the field of science & technology in their own country and also in the whole world.
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